Manama has emerged as the capital of independent Bahrain after periods of domination by Portugal and Persians earlier in its history. Today, it is a modern capital with an economy based around the sales promotion industry as crude oil takes a less pronounced role in the economy. After periods ofPortuguese and Persian control and invasions from the ruling dynasties of Saudi Arabia and Oman, Bahrain established itself as an independent nation during the 19th century period of British hegemony. Although the current twin cities of Manama and Muharraq appear to have been founded simultaneously in the 1800s, Muharraq t... More
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Muharraq is Bahrain's third largest city and served as its capital until 1932 when it was replaced by Manama. The city is located on Muharraq Island and has long been a centre of religiosity. Adjacent to Muharraq are the man made Amwaj Islands, known for their large buildings, hotels and beaches. Muharraq is home to Muharraq Club, which is Bahrain's most successful football club. The city is also known for its traditional market and as a home of traditional arts and music Ali Bahar, a popular and successful Bahraini singer is from Muharraq. Muharraq's origins are ancient phoencian birthplace Tylos, it... More